Republic of the Sudan,
Sudan was home to numerous ancient civilizations, such as the Kingdom of Kush, Kerma, Nobatia, Alodia, Makuria, Meroë and others, most of which flourished along the Nile. During the predynastic period Nubia and Nagadan Upper Egypt were identical, simultaneously evolved systems of pharaonic kingship by 3300 BC. By virtue of its proximity to Egypt, the Sudan participated in the wider history of the Near East inasmuch as it was Christianized by the 6th century, and Islamized in the 7th. As a result of Christianization, the Old Nubian language stands as the oldest recorded Nilo-Saharan language (earliest records dating to the 9th century). Sudan was the largest country in Africa and the Arab world until 2011, when South Sudan separated into an independent country, following an independence referendum. Sudan is now the third largest country in Africa (after Algeria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo) and also the third largest country in the Arab world (after Algeria and Saudi Arabia).
Meroë, the Kingdom of Kush which housed the city of Meroe represents one of a series of early states located within the middle Nile. It is one of the earliest and most impressive states found south of the Sahara. Looking at the specificity of the surrounding early states within the middle Nile, ones understanding of Meroe in combination with the historical developments of other historic states may be enhanced through looking at the development of power relation characteristics within other Nile Valley states
In 2008, its population was 340,940. It is an important transportation hub: the terminus of a rail line, the junction of various roads and camel caravan routes, and the end of a pilgrim route from Nigeria. It was founded by the pashas of Ottoman Egypt in 1821 but was subsequently destroyed by the Mahdists in 1883. It was then rebuilt in 1898 following the fall of the Mahdist empire.
The population of this town is majority Muslim with a small Christian presence. The town today is the site of an international airport and an oil refinery. Al-Ubayyid is home to the University of Kordofan, established in 1990. The United Nations Mission in Sudan has established its Logistics Base there.
In recent years transport has become easier between the town and the Sudanese capital Khartoum, owing to the repair and paving of roads, and the emergence of several private bus companies. The 500 km journey now takes about nine hours by tourist coach.
التشكيلي الفنان ابو الحسن مدني احد المعالم الثقافية والابداعية البارزة في مدينة الثغر بعد رحلة طويلة مع الالوان زين بها كل جدران المدينة ببصمته المميزة.. أينما تتجه يطالعك ابداعه ان كان في شكل لوحة او مجسم او ديكورات انيقة تتأنق باسم «ابو الحسن مدني» كتوقيع زاهي وابداع متفرد انجز تلكم الروائع. «الصحافة» تعيد نشر هذا الحوار الذي أجراه الزميل حسام الدين ميرغني مع الراحل بمدينة الثغر ببورتسودان..
Nubian pyramids are pyramids that were built by the rulers of the ancient Kushite kingdoms. Prior to the Kushites building these pyramids, there had been no pyramid construction in Egypt and the Nile Valley for more than 500 years.
The area of the Nile valley known as Nubia, which lies within present day Sudan, was home to three Kushite kingdoms during antiquity. The first had its capital at Kerma (2600–1520 BC). The second was centered on Napata (1000–300 BC). Finally, the last kingdom was centered on Meroë (300 BC–AD 300).
Kerma was Nubia's first centralized state with its own indigenous forms of architecture and burial customs. The last two kingdoms, Napata and Meroë, were heavily influenced by ancient Egypt culturally, economically, politically, and militarily. The Kushite kingdoms in turn competed strongly with Egypt, and during the late period of Ancient Egyptian history, the rulers of Napata conquered and unified Egypt herself[clarification needed]. The Napatans ruled as the pharaohs of the Twenty-fifth Dynasty. The Napatan domination of Egypt ended with the Assyrian conquest in 656 BC
Nadus (social networking site for ecommerce activities and tourism in Sudan). We strive to strengthen the social network in the context of enlightenments, as well as the development of e-commerce sector in Sudan. Among other things we support and publish the sudanese Tourism and Antiques from our location in Hamburg und Khartoum. We develop e-commerce concepts for small and large businesses as well as for the private sectors.